RFM12 decoder
authorSławek Piotrowski <slawomir.piotrowski@payu.pl>
Wed, 3 Sep 2014 22:32:14 +0000 (00:32 +0200)
committerUwe Hermann <uwe@hermann-uwe.de>
Sun, 7 Sep 2014 22:32:36 +0000 (00:32 +0200)
decoders/rfm12/__init__.py [new file with mode: 0644]
decoders/rfm12/pd.py [new file with mode: 0644]

diff --git a/decoders/rfm12/__init__.py b/decoders/rfm12/__init__.py
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..a4748b6
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
+##
+## This file is part of the libsigrokdecode project.
+##
+## Copyright (C) 2014 Sławek Piotrowski <slawomir.piotrowski@payu.pl>
+##
+## This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+## it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+## the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+## (at your option) any later version.
+##
+## This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+## but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+## MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+## GNU General Public License for more details.
+##
+## You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+## along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+## Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301 USA
+##
+
+'''
+This decoder stacks on top of the 'spi' PD and decodes the RFM12
+control protocol.
+'''
+
+from .pd import *
diff --git a/decoders/rfm12/pd.py b/decoders/rfm12/pd.py
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..c4b5475
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,498 @@
+##
+## This file is part of the libsigrokdecode project.
+##
+## Copyright (C) 2014 Sławek Piotrowski <slawomir.piotrowski@payu.pl>
+##
+## This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+## it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+## the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+## (at your option) any later version.
+##
+## This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+## but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+## MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+## GNU General Public License for more details.
+##
+## You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+## along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+## Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301 USA
+##
+
+import traceback
+import sigrokdecode as srd
+
+class Decoder(srd.Decoder):
+    api_version = 2
+    id = 'rfm12'
+    name = 'RFM12'
+    longname = 'RFM12 control protocol'
+    desc = 'Protocol for controlling RFM12 wireless transceivers from HoperRF'
+    license = 'gplv2+'
+    inputs = ['spi']
+    outputs = ['rfm12']
+    annotations = (
+        ('cmd', 'Command'),
+        ('params', 'Command parameters'),
+        ('disabled', 'Disabled bits'),
+        ('return', 'Returned values'),
+        ('disabled_return', 'Disabled returned values'),
+        ('interpretation', 'Interpretation'),
+    )
+    annotation_rows = (
+        ('commands', 'Commands', (0, 1, 2)),
+        ('return', 'Return', (3, 4)),
+        ('interpretation', 'Interpretation', (5,)),
+    )
+
+    def __init__(self, **kwargs):
+        self.mosi_bytes, self.miso_bytes = [], []
+        self.mosi_bits, self.miso_bits = [], []
+        self.row_pos = [0, 0, 0]
+
+        self.ann_to_row = [0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 2]
+
+        # Initialize with Power-On-Reset values.
+        self.last_status = [0x00, 0x00]
+        self.last_config = 0x08
+        self.last_power = 0x08
+        self.last_freq = 0x680
+        self.last_data_rate = 0x23
+        self.last_fifo_and_reset = 0x80
+        self.last_afc = 0xF7
+        self.last_transceiver = 0x00
+        self.last_pll = 0x77
+
+    def advance_ann(self, ann, length):
+        row = self.ann_to_row[ann]
+        self.row_pos[row] += length
+
+    def putx(self, ann, length, description):
+        if not isinstance(description, list):
+            description = [description]
+        row = self.ann_to_row[ann]
+        bit = self.row_pos[row]
+        self.put(self.mosi_bits[bit][1], self.mosi_bits[bit + length - 1][2],
+                 self.out_ann, [ann, description])
+        bit += length
+        self.row_pos[row] = bit
+
+    def describe_bits(self, data, names):
+        i = 0x01 << len(names) - 1
+        bit = 0
+        while i != 0:
+            if names[bit] != '':
+                self.putx(1 if (data & i) else 2, 1, names[bit])
+            i >>= 1
+            bit += 1
+
+    def describe_return_bits(self, data, names):
+        i = 0x01 << len(names) - 1
+        bit = 0
+        while i != 0:
+            if names[bit] != '':
+                self.putx(3 if (data & i) else 4, 1, names[bit])
+            else:
+                self.advance_ann(3, 1)
+            i >>= 1
+            bit += 1
+
+    def describe_changed_bits(self, data, old_data, names):
+        changes = data ^ old_data
+        i = 0x01 << (len(names) - 1)
+        bit = 0
+        while i != 0:
+            if names[bit] != '' and changes & i:
+                s = ['+', 'Turning on'] if (data & i) else ['-', 'Turning off']
+                self.putx(5, 1, s)
+            else:
+                self.advance_ann(5, 1)
+            i >>= 1
+            bit += 1
+
+    def start(self):
+        self.out_ann = self.register(srd.OUTPUT_ANN)
+
+    def handle_configuration_cmd(self, cmd, ret):
+        self.putx(0, 8, ['Configuration command', 'Configuration'])
+        NAMES = [['Internal data register', 'el'], ['FIFO mode', 'ef']]
+
+        bits = (cmd[1] & 0xC0) >> 6
+        old_bits = (self.last_config & 0xC0) >> 6
+        self.describe_bits(bits, NAMES)
+        self.describe_changed_bits(bits, old_bits, NAMES)
+
+        FREQUENCIES = ['Reserved', '433', '868', '912']
+        f = FREQUENCIES[(cmd[1] & 0x30) >> 4] + 'MHz'
+        self.putx(1, 2, ['Frequency: ' + f, f])
+        if cmd[1] & 0x30 != self.last_config & 0x30:
+            self.putx(5, 2, ['Changed', '~'])
+
+        c = '%.1fpF' % (8.5 + (cmd[1] & 0xF) * 0.5)
+        self.putx(1, 4, ['Capacitance: ' + c, c])
+        if cmd[1] & 0xF != self.last_config & 0xF:
+            self.putx(5, 4, ['Changed', '~'])
+
+        self.last_config = cmd[1]
+
+    def handle_power_management_cmd(self, cmd, ret):
+        self.putx(0, 8, ['Power management', 'Power'])
+        NAMES = [['Receiver chain', 'er'], ['Baseband circuit', 'ebb'],
+                 ['Transmission', 'et'], ['Synthesizer', 'es'],
+                 ['Crystal oscillator', 'ex'], ['Low battery detector', 'eb'],
+                 ['Wake-up timer', 'ew'], ['Clock output off switch', 'dc']]
+
+        self.describe_bits(cmd[1], NAMES)
+
+        power = cmd[1]
+
+        # Some bits imply other, even if they are set to 0.
+        if power & 0x80:
+            power |= 0x58
+        if power & 0x20:
+            power |= 0x18
+        self.describe_changed_bits(power, self.last_power, NAMES)
+
+        self.last_power = power
+
+    def handle_frequency_setting_cmd(self, cmd, ret):
+        self.putx(0, 4, ['Frequency setting', 'Frequency'])
+        f = ((cmd[1] & 0xF) << 8) + cmd[2]
+        self.putx(0, 12, ['F = %3.4f' % f])
+        self.row_pos[2] -= 4
+        if self.last_freq != f:
+            self.putx(5, 12, ['Changing', '~'])
+        self.last_freq = f
+
+    def handle_data_rate_cmd(self, cmd, ret):
+        self.putx(0, 8, ['Data rate command', 'Data rate'])
+        r = cmd[1] & 0x7F
+        cs = (cmd[1] & 0x80) >> 7
+        rate = 10000 / 29.0 / (r + 1) / (1 + 7 * cs)
+        self.putx(0, 8, ['%3.1fkbps' % rate])
+        if self.last_data_rate != cmd[1]:
+            self.putx(5, 8, ['Changing', '~'])
+        self.last_data_rate = cmd[1]
+
+    def handle_receiver_control_cmd(self, cmd, ret):
+        self.putx(0, 5, ['Receiver control command'])
+        s = 'interrupt input' if (cmd[0] & 0x04) else 'VDI output'
+        self.putx(0, 1, ['pin16 = ' + s])
+        VDI_NAMES = ['Fast', 'Medium', 'Slow', 'Always on']
+        vdi_speed = VDI_NAMES[cmd[0] & 0x3]
+        self.putx(0, 2, ['VDI: %s' % vdi_speed])
+        BANDWIDTH_NAMES = ['Reserved', '400kHz', '340kHz', '270kHz', '200kHz',
+                           '134kHz', '67kHz', 'Reserved']
+        bandwidth = BANDWIDTH_NAMES[(cmd[1] & 0xE0) >> 5]
+        self.putx(0, 3, ['Bandwidth: %s' % bandwidth])
+        LNA_GAIN_NAMES = [0, -6, -14, -20]
+        lna_gain = LNA_GAIN_NAMES[(cmd[1] & 0x18) >> 3]
+        self.putx(0, 2, ['LNA gain: %ddB' % lna_gain])
+        RSSI_THRESHOLD_NAMES = ['-103', '-97', '-91', '-85', '-79', '-73',
+                                'Reserved', 'Reserved']
+        rssi_threshold = RSSI_THRESHOLD_NAMES[cmd[1] & 0x7]
+        self.putx(0, 3, ['RSSI threshold: %s' % rssi_threshold])
+
+    def handle_data_filter_cmd(self, cmd, ret):
+        self.putx(0, 8, ['Data filter command'])
+        if cmd[1] & 0x80:
+            clock_recovery = 'auto'
+        elif cmd[1] & 0x40:
+            clock_recovery = 'fast'
+        else:
+            clock_recovery = 'slow'
+        self.putx(0, 2, ['Clock recovery: %s mode' % clock_recovery])
+        self.advance_ann(0, 1) # Should always be 1.
+        s = 'analog' if (cmd[1] & 0x10) else 'digital'
+        self.putx(0, 1, ['Data filter: ' + s])
+        self.advance_ann(0, 1) # Should always be 1.
+        self.putx(0, 3, ['DQD threshold: %d' % (cmd[1] & 0x7)])
+
+    def handle_fifo_and_reset_cmd(self, cmd, ret):
+        self.putx(0, 8, ['FIFO and reset command'])
+        fifo_level = (cmd[1] & 0xF0) >> 4
+        self.putx(0, 4, ['FIFO trigger level: %d' % fifo_level])
+        last_fifo_level = (self.last_fifo_and_reset & 0xF0) >> 4
+        if fifo_level != last_fifo_level:
+            self.putx(5, 4, ['Changing', '~'])
+        else:
+            self.advance_ann(5, 4)
+        s = 'one byte' if (cmd[1] & 0x08) else 'two bytes'
+        self.putx(0, 1, ['Synchron length: ' + s])
+        if (cmd[1] & 0x08) != (self.last_fifo_and_reset & 0x08):
+            self.putx(5, 1, ['Changing', '~'])
+        else:
+            self.advance_ann(5, 1)
+
+        if cmd[1] & 0x04:
+            fifo_fill = 'Always'
+        elif cmd[1] & 0x02:
+            fifo_fill = 'After synchron pattern'
+        else:
+            fifo_fill = 'Never'
+        self.putx(0, 2, ['FIFO fill: %s' % fifo_fill])
+        if (cmd[1] & 0x06) != (self.last_fifo_and_reset & 0x06):
+            self.putx(5, 2, ['Changing', '~'])
+        else:
+            self.advance_ann(5, 2)
+
+        s = 'non-sensitive' if (cmd[1] & 0x01) else 'sensitive'
+        self.putx(0, 1, ['Reset mode: ' + s])
+        if (cmd[1] & 0x01) != (self.last_fifo_and_reset & 0x01):
+            self.putx(5, 1, ['Changing', '~'])
+        else:
+            self.advance_ann(5, 1)
+
+        self.last_fifo_and_reset = cmd[1]
+
+    def handle_synchron_pattern_cmd(self, cmd, ret):
+        self.putx(0, 8, ['Synchron pattern command'])
+        if self.last_fifo_and_reset & 0x08:
+            self.putx(0, 8, ['Pattern: 0x2D%02X' % pattern])
+        else:
+            self.putx(0, 8, ['Pattern: %02X' % pattern])
+
+    def handle_fifo_read_cmd(self, cmd, ret):
+        self.putx(0, 8, ['FIFO read command', 'FIFO read'])
+        self.putx(3, 8, ['Data: %02X' % ret[1]])
+
+    def handle_afc_cmd(self, cmd, ret):
+        self.putx(0, 8, ['AFC command'])
+        MODES = ['Off', 'Once', 'During receiving', 'Always']
+        mode = (cmd[1] & 0xC0) >> 6
+        self.putx(0, 2, ['Mode: %s' % MODES[mode]])
+        if (cmd[1] & 0xC0) != (self.last_afc & 0xC0):
+            self.putx(5, 2, ['Changing', '~'])
+        else:
+            self.advance_ann(5, 2)
+
+        range = (cmd[1] & 0x30) >> 4
+        FREQ_TABLE = [0.0, 2.5, 5.0, 7.5]
+        freq_delta = FREQ_TABLE[(self.last_config & 0x30) >> 4]
+
+        if range == 0:
+            self.putx(0, 2, ['Range: No limit'])
+        elif range == 1:
+            self.putx(0, 2, ['Range: +/-%dkHz' % (15 * freq_delta)])
+        elif range == 2: 
+            self.putx(0, 2, ['Range: +/-%dkHz' % (7 * freq_delta)])
+        elif range == 3:
+            self.putx(0, 2, ['Range: +/-%dkHz' % (3 * freq_delta)])
+
+        if (cmd[1] & 0x30) != (self.last_afc & 0x30):
+            self.putx(5, 2, ['Changing', '~'])
+        else:
+            self.advance_ann(5, 2)
+
+        NAMES = ['Strobe edge', 'High accuracy mode', 'Enable offset register',
+                 'Enable offset calculation']
+        self.describe_bits(cmd[1] & 0xF, NAMES)
+        self.describe_changed_bits(cmd[1] & 0xF, self.last_afc & 0xF, NAMES)
+
+        self.last_afc = cmd[1]
+
+    def handle_transceiver_control_cmd(self, cmd, ret):
+        self.putx(0, 8, ['Transceiver control command'])
+        self.putx(0, 4, ['FSK frequency delta: %dkHz' % (15 * ((cmd[1] & 0xF0) >> 4))])
+        if cmd[1] & 0xF0 != self.last_transceiver & 0xF0:
+            self.putx(5, 4, ['Changing', '~'])
+        else:
+            self.advance_ann(5, 4)
+
+        POWERS = [0, -2.5, -5, -7.5, -10, -12.5, -15, -17.5]
+        self.advance_ann(0, 1)
+        self.advance_ann(5, 1)
+        self.putx(0,3, ['Relative power: %dB' % (cmd[1] & 0x07)])
+        if (cmd[1] & 0x07) != (self.last_transceiver & 0x07):
+            self.putx(5, 3, ['Changing', '~'])
+        else:
+            self.advance_ann(5, 3)
+        self.last_transceiver = cmd[1]
+
+    def handle_pll_setting_cmd(self, cmd, ret):
+        self.putx(0, 8, ['PLL setting command'])
+        self.advance_ann(0, 1)
+        self.putx(0, 2, ['Clock buffer rise and fall time'])
+        self.advance_ann(0, 1)
+        self.advance_ann(5, 4)
+        NAMES = [['Delay in phase detector', 'dly'], ['Disable dithering', 'ddit']]
+        self.describe_bits((cmd[1] & 0xC) >> 2, NAMES)
+        self.describe_changed_bits((cmd[1] & 0xC) >> 2, (self.last_pll & 0xC) >> 2, NAMES)
+        s = '256kbps, high' if (cmd[1] & 0x01) else '86.2kbps, low'
+        self.putx(0, 1, ['Max bit rate: %s noise' % s])
+
+        self.advance_ann(5, 1)
+        if (cmd[1] & 0x01) != (self.last_pll & 0x01):
+            self.putx(5, 1, ['Changing', '~'])
+
+        self.last_pll = cmd[1]
+
+    def handle_transmitter_register_cmd(self, cmd, ret):
+        self.putx(0, 8, ['Transmitter register command', 'Transmit'])
+        self.putx(0, 8, ['Data: %s' % cmd[1], '%s' % cmd[1]])
+
+    def handle_software_reset_cmd(self, cmd, ret):
+        self.putx(0, 16, ['Software reset command'])
+
+    def handle_wake_up_timer_cmd(self, cmd, ret):
+        self.putx(0, 3, ['Wake-up timer command', 'Timer'])
+        r = cmd[0] & 0x1F
+        m = cmd[1]
+        time = 1.03 * m * pow(2, r) + 0.5
+        self.putx(0, 13, ['Time: %7.2f' % time])
+
+    def handle_low_duty_cycle_cmd(self, cmd, ret):
+        self.putx(0, 16, ['Low duty cycle command'])
+
+    def handle_low_battery_detector_cmd(self, cmd, ret):
+        self.putx(0, 8, ['Low battery detector command'])
+        NAMES = ['1', '1.25', '1.66', '2', '2.5', '3.33', '5', '10']
+        clock = NAMES[(cmd[1] & 0xE0) >> 5]
+        self.putx(0, 3, ['Clock output: %sMHz' % clock, '%sMHz' % clock])
+        self.advance_ann(0, 1)
+        v = 2.25 + (cmd[1] & 0x0F) * 0.1
+        self.putx(0, 4, ['Low battery voltage: %1.2fV' % v, '%1.2fV' % v])
+
+    def handle_status_read_cmd(self, cmd, ret):
+        self.putx(0, 8, ['Status read command', 'Status'])
+        NAMES = ['RGIT/FFIT', 'POR', 'RGUR/FFOV', 'WKUP', 'EXT', 'LBD',
+                 'FFEM', 'RSSI/ATS', 'DQD', 'CRL', 'ATGL']
+        status = (ret[0] << 3) + (ret[1] >> 5)
+        self.row_pos[1] -= 8
+        self.row_pos[2] -= 8
+        self.describe_return_bits(status, NAMES)
+        receiver_enabled = (self.last_power & 0x80) >> 7
+
+        if ret[0] & 0x80:
+            if receiver_enabled:
+                s = 'Received data in FIFO'
+            else:
+                s = 'Transmit register ready'
+            self.putx(5, 1, s)
+        else:
+            self.advance_ann(5, 1)
+        if ret[0] & 0x40:
+            self.putx(5, 1, 'Power on Reset')
+        else:
+            self.advance_ann(5, 1)
+        if ret[0] & 0x20:
+            if receiver_enabled:
+                s = 'RX FIFO overflow'
+            else:
+                s = 'Transmit register under run'
+            self.putx(5, 1, s)
+        else:
+            self.advance_ann(5, 1)
+        if ret[0] & 0x10:
+            self.putx(5, 1, 'Wake-up timer')
+        else:
+            self.advance_ann(5, 1)
+        if ret[0] & 0x08:
+            self.putx(5, 1, 'External interrupt')
+        else:
+            self.advance_ann(5, 1)
+        if ret[0] & 0x04:
+            self.putx(5, 1, 'Low battery')
+        else:
+            self.advance_ann(5, 1)
+        if ret[0] & 0x02:
+            self.putx(5, 1, 'FIFO is empty')
+        else:
+            self.advance_ann(5, 1)
+        if ret[0] & 0x01:
+            if receiver_enabled:
+                s = 'Incoming signal above limit'
+            else:
+                s = 'Antenna detected RF signal'
+            self.putx(5, 1, s)
+        else:
+            self.advance_ann(5, 1)
+        if ret[1] & 0x80:
+            self.putx(5, 1, 'Data quality detector')
+        else:
+            self.advance_ann(5, 1)
+        if ret[1] & 0x40:
+            self.putx(5, 1, 'Clock recovery locked')
+        else:
+            self.advance_ann(5, 1)
+        self.advance_ann(5, 1)
+
+        self.putx(3, 5, ['AFC offset'])
+        if (self.last_status[1] & 0x1F) != (ret[1] & 0x1F):
+            self.putx(5, 5, ['Changed', '~'])
+        self.last_status = ret
+
+    def handle_cmd(self, cmd, ret):
+        if cmd[0] == 0x80:
+            self.handle_configuration_cmd(cmd, ret)
+        elif cmd[0] == 0x82:
+            self.handle_power_management_cmd(cmd, ret)
+        elif cmd[0] & 0xF0 == 0xA0:
+            self.handle_frequency_setting_cmd(cmd, ret)
+        elif cmd[0] == 0xC6:
+            self.handle_data_rate_cmd(cmd, ret)
+        elif cmd[0] & 0xF8 == 0x90:
+            self.handle_receiver_control_cmd(cmd, ret)
+        elif cmd[0] == 0xC2:
+            self.handle_data_filter_cmd(cmd, ret)
+        elif cmd[0] == 0xCA:
+            self.handle_fifo_and_reset_cmd(cmd, ret)
+        elif cmd[0] == 0xCE:
+            self.handle_synchron_pattern_cmd(cmd, ret)
+        elif cmd[0] == 0xB0:
+            self.handle_fifo_read_cmd(cmd, ret)
+        elif cmd[0] == 0xC4:
+            self.handle_afc_cmd(cmd, ret)
+        elif cmd[0] & 0xFE == 0x98:
+            self.handle_transceiver_control_cmd(cmd, ret)
+        elif cmd[0] == 0xCC:
+            self.handle_pll_setting_cmd(cmd, ret)
+        elif cmd[0] == 0xB8:
+            self.handle_transmitter_register_cmd(cmd, ret)
+        elif cmd[0] == 0xFE:
+            self.handle_software_reset_cmd(cmd, ret)
+        elif cmd[0] & 0xE0 == 0xE0:
+            self.handle_wake_up_timer_cmd(cmd, ret)
+        elif cmd[0] == 0xC8:
+            self.handle_low_duty_cycle_cmd(cmd, ret)
+        elif cmd[0] == 0xC0:
+            self.handle_low_battery_detector_cmd(cmd, ret)
+        elif cmd[0] == 0x00:
+            self.handle_status_read_cmd(cmd, ret)
+        else:
+            c = '%02x %02x' % tuple(cmd)
+            r = '%02x %02x' % tuple(ret)
+            self.putx(0, 16, ['Uknown command: %s (reply: %s)!' % (c, r)])
+
+    def decode(self, ss, es, data):
+        ptype, mosi, miso = data
+
+        # For now, only use DATA and BITS packets.
+        if ptype not in ('DATA', 'BITS'):
+            return
+
+        # Store the individual bit values and ss/es numbers. The next packet
+        # is guaranteed to be a 'DATA' packet belonging to this 'BITS' one.
+        if ptype == 'BITS':
+            if mosi is not None:
+                self.mosi_bits.extend(reversed(mosi))
+            if miso is not None:
+                self.miso_bits.extend(reversed(miso))
+            return
+
+        # Append new bytes.
+        self.mosi_bytes.append(mosi)
+        self.miso_bytes.append(miso)
+
+        # All commands consist of 2 bytes.
+        if len(self.mosi_bytes) < 2:
+            return
+
+        self.row_pos = [0, 8, 8]
+
+        try:
+            self.handle_cmd(self.mosi_bytes, self.miso_bytes)
+        except:
+            traceback.print_exc()
+
+        self.mosi_bytes, self.miso_bytes = [], []
+        self.mosi_bits, self.miso_bits = [], []